French Colonies Map

It lasted until 1954, with a break between 1941 and 1945, when the Japanese took over during World War 2. 1720: Population of the American colonists number 475,000. foreign ministers warned Turkey it could face sanctions over the dispute, although the bloc’s foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, while urging Turkey to. Sometimes the Carolinas and Georgia are counted as separate from the. Coins › France › French colonies. Inset A: The West Indies 1700-1763 Inset B: Cook's Voyages in the Southern Pacific - First voyage 1768-1771. Sited on 7. Map of Spanish America. 6 million in the 13 British colonies). View photos, details, map for 2 Lexington Circle Hempstead NY. The names. The August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam overthrew French colonial domination in Indochina and established a people’s democratic regime, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. This chapter has been published in the book America to 1744. Ask them to locate the 13 Colonies. See full list on encyclopedia. Lawrence River, Great Lakes, Mississippi R. Tending farmlands was hard work and during pre-colonial times, and was not suited for European women. The coins of French colonies were intended for general use in the West Indies, particularly Martinique, Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue (western Hispaniola) until it attained independence as Haiti in 1804. A history of North America as colonized by the French uses first-person accounts, archival images, and historical maps to describe what life was like for settlers in colonial America. anon328453. British forces seized French Senegal in West Africa, the French sugar islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippine Islands. Now For Sale: 42 Photos • 5 bed, 5 bath, 7,200 sqft house at 24 Colonial Way • Luxury designer finishes and amenities abound in this French Country estate on a pastoral …. Map showing routes taken by French explorers in the Mississippi River area. The Two-Hundred Years War is still waging between Britain (Albion) and France, post-collapse states in Asia after the fall of the continent-spanning empires is struggling to find scraps, the Atouman Empire is slowly rising up in the books of history, and the Qarshids threaten Europe. Most of the world’s French-speaking nations are former colonies of France. Librairie Hachette de Paris. The French establishes New Orleans. The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward. See related topics: Spanish Exploration and Colonization; Northern Spanish Colonies; Southern Spanish Colonies; Portugal and the Age of Exploration. However, the French foolishly, for their own safety, allowed the number of slaves to grow without any concern and within a 100 years of colonial rule had arrived. The French in Brazil. The English and French colonies are demarcated by a line that passes through Pennsylvania just west of the Susquehanna. THE FIRST FRENCH AMERICANS Many of the earliest French settlements in North America were mainly intended as trading outposts. Eight countries maintain them: Australia (6), Denmark (2), Netherlands (2), France (16), New Zealand (3), Norway (3),. Created in silk it shows Africa more than a hundred years before the first western explorers from Portugal started to chart parts of Africa's coastline. The French colonial rapists who made hell for Italian women in 1944 I n May 1944 the Allies finally succeeded in taking Monte Cassino in the Apennines of central Italy away from the German Army, after bombing Monte Cassino's sixth-century abbey into ruins. And the next common foe would be Britain. French Guiana is on the northern coast of South America. Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. F rench colonial Louisiana refers to the first century of permanent European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley. View photos maps, description, and details for 1840 Grace Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90028 - Live the dream in El Cabrillo, an exquisite and uniquely enviable combination of charm, history, privacy & detail. The sole North American possession France retained were the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miguelon off the coast of Newfoundland. All of them are lost in 1815. It has been condemned by the European Union, but France is not ready to get rid of such a system that drains the African countries of their wealth and brings to about $500 billion annually to the French treasury. Competing with Spain, Portugal, the United Provinces (the Dutch Republic), and later Britain, France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and India in the 17th century. Map showing routes taken by French explorers in the Mississippi River area. Togo and Cameroon are counted as ex-French colonies instead German ones. Inset A: The West Indies 1700-1763 Inset B: Cook's Voyages in the Southern Pacific - First voyage 1768-1771. George Washington; of Virginia is born. In my map, as you will see, I included Liberia, which was independent in 1914 but colonised by the American Colonization Society, and thus, counted as an ex-American colony. TONE 1 Choose the statement that best describes slavery before it was racialized. From 260,000 settlers in 1700, the colonial population grew eight times to 2,150,000 in 1770. Recently updated tri-level home with two car garage, three bedrooms same level with spacious walk in closets, master bedroom features a walk out balcony, has newer paint, flooring, roof, windows, interior doors, and french doors downstairs, custom blinds and a security system. French Colonies. In 1963, during the era of independence, the Organization of African Union agreed to a policy of inviolable borders, which dictated that colonial-era boundaries were to be upheld, with one caveat. Lincoln: Nebraska University Press, 2011. The expedition fleets and the forts on land flew the flag of the King of France. I will love to write a term paper about this topic. Between 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France. Guadeloupe’s colonial history began when Christopher Columbus first set foot on the island in 1493. The French and Indian War began in Pennsylvania in 1754. However, once peace was restored, this three-pronged alliance showed signs of crumbling. Most of the people living in the Senegambia area, with the exception of the Bambara, were converted to Islam under the Mali and then Songhai Empires. Clements Library, University of Michigan. In all, 14 countries were obliged to adopt the single currency. Countries by First Two Letters in 90 Seconds. French Colonies 1859-1956 (126 pages)p Fits in 2 post or 3 ring specialty binderbr Top quality; Chemically neutral bond paperbr Printed on one sidem Page size: 10 x 11 1/2br Contains:br * French Colonies 1859-1945br * French Guiana 1886-1947br * French India 1892-1954br * Guadeloupe 1884-1947br * Inini 1932-44br * Martinique 1886-1947br * Mayotte 1892-1912br * Round 1916br * French Occupation. Map showing routes taken by French explorers in the Mississippi River area. To the six colonies already constituting French West Africa in the late 1890s - Senegal, French Sudan, Upper Volta, French Guinea, Ivory Coast and Dahomey - two more will soon be added. Enter an answer into the box Date is duration of time as a colony. 9 acres of land, in a well established cul de sac neighborhood!. The French colonial period in Vietnam officially began in 1887, when Vietnam was referred to as French Indochina. Trading began, and in 1608 the French founded a settlement at Quebec overlooking the St. This was the last in a series of conflicts between Great Britain and France for do… Albany Congress, Albany Congress, 1754, meeting at Albany, N. In reality, most of it was a contested area between France and England until 1763, which explains why French maps tend to include what is modern New Brunswick in colonial French Canada. The only overseas territory of France is the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, which have no permanent population. saint-Domingue grew to be the richest sugar colony in the cribbean. In the 1750's, English and French colonies were both expanding into the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, known as the Ohio Territory. The colonial population of New France was small--3,000 colonists in 1660 and some 90,000 colonists a century later (compared to 1. The British colonies, with 1. Britain was given the contract to supply the Spanish colonies in South America with slaves for 30 years. Across the world, the dominance of French as a colonial power was only overshadowed by the British. In my map, as you will see, I included Liberia, which was independent in 1914 but colonised by the American Colonization Society, and thus, counted as an ex-American colony. A different global strategy. Stamp Catalogue> FRENCH COLONIES FRENCH COLONIESSTAMP CATALOG. An "éphémère" is something that was "ephemeral," and disappeared quickly or early. Because of the colony's extensive shipping interests, e. com takes a look back. Recently updated tri-level home with two car garage, three bedrooms same level with spacious walk in closets, master bedroom features a walk out balcony, has newer paint, flooring, roof, windows, interior doors, and french doors downstairs, custom blinds and a security system. The English and French colonies are demarcated by a line that passes through Pennsylvania just west of the Susquehanna. See related topics: Spanish Exploration and Colonization; Northern Spanish Colonies; Southern Spanish Colonies; Portugal and the Age of Exploration. In many other parts of the colonial world, the First World War offered little opportunity for a change in the colonial regime. There is Spanish, French, Dutch, and British Colonial architecture. Countries by First Two Letters in 90 Seconds. The French colonial empire constituted the overseas colonies, protectorates and mandate territories that came under French rule from the 16th century onward. Former French Colonies. But times were changing and tobacco was the ruler of the land. In the 17th and 18th centuries France gained and lost large territories in North America and India. But that was not France’s only colonial war. look no more! ! move right into this beautiful detached colonial with over 100k in upgrades. By PDb Maps | 2017-10-11T09:18:49+11:00 Apr 26, 2017 | Africa, Africa Maps, Algeria, France & Colonies, History, Maps | For stamp collectors and postal historians of French Colonies, this French map shows Algeria in 1921. After 1663, Carolina attracted English settlers, French Protestants called Huguenots, and Americans from other colonies. Britain was given the contract to supply the Spanish colonies in South America with slaves for 30 years. Challenging the notion that there was no "popular imperialism" in France, this book examines the importance of France's colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. New France and New Netherland remained small commercial operations focused on the fur trade and did not attract an influx of migrants. Slavery was well-known in Africa throughout history but not in other parts of the world. Syria and Lebanon had achieved their independence during the war (1943). 1859 French Colonies French Africa 1967 Afars and Issas 1899 Alexandria PO 1924 Algeria 1892 Anjouan 1892 Benin Cameroun 1922 Chad 1950 Comoro Is 1899 Dahomey 1890 Diego Suarez Ethiopia PO 1946 Fezzan 1891 French Congo 1936 French Equatorial Africa. ), Americas, Africa (Algeria, Morocco. See below for a map of the thirteen original colonies. The only overseas territory of France is the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, which have no permanent population. Colonial. Immaculate 2-story brick front Colonial with over 4,000 sq ft of finished living area in amenity rich Dominion Valley Country Club. Egypt has signed an energy exploration deal with Athens for the. A history of North America as colonized by the French uses first-person accounts, archival images, and historical maps to describe what life was like for settlers in colonial America. Only 8 of the 28 settlers survived the first winter. The French colonial empire is the set of territories outside Europe that were under French rule primarily from the 1600s to the late 1960s. Inset A: The West Indies 1700-1763 Inset B: Cook's Voyages in the Southern Pacific - First voyage 1768-1771. The cost of a boat ride to the colonies was too expensive for French people. anon349069 September 23, 2013. The southern one-third of Carolina remained largely unsettled until 1733. How Many People In Africa Speak French?. In North America the French and Indian War had begun two years previously, in 1754. Because of the colony's extensive shipping interests, e. So only one answer is correct and if you don't know or like it then suck it up and learn something!. French Indochina was the collective name for the French colonial regions of Southeast Asia from colonization in 1887 to independence and the subsequent Vietnam Wars of the mid-1900s. Librairie Hachette de Paris. Critics (mainly colonialists) claimed that France's abdication from the "Orient" had begun with the establishment of a Syrian Constituent Assembly that was determined to elude the. Le France Se. In 1963, during the era of independence, the Organization of African Union agreed to a policy of inviolable borders, which dictated that colonial-era boundaries were to be upheld, with one caveat. However, unlike other continents, there is still a large number of colonies that Europeans keep in the New World. The Colonial Assembly refuses to disband and issues a call to arms of all citizens. Exquisitely kept masterpiece! Four bedrooms, three bathrooms, three-car garage, tucked away in the Colonies. In the streets, we find little more than the end product of a long process of reduction, adaptation and Canadianization, evoking the memory of ancestral endeavour. 4UquNestiIonTs we1re a—nswerMed inIcLorrEectSly. png 2,000 × 1,015; 650 KB Map of the Battle of Koh Chang (Thai version, French view). Although most settlers in Louisiana were of the Catholic faith, a few were Protestants or Sephardic Jews. Lawrence River, Newfoundland, and Acadia (Nova Scotia) but gradually expanding to include much of the Great Lakes region and parts of the trans-Appalachian West. The story of America as a nation must begin with the colonization of the East Coast. not only the one in Algeria. F rench Equatorial Africa was a former administrative grouping of four French territories in west central Africa. New France was a huge area extending through the St Lawrence River and Great Lakes and down the Mississippi River. Latin America, a region of South and Central America and the Caribbean where Spanish and Portuguese are spoken, was colonized by various European countries beginning in the 15th century. Yes,there are still countries colonized. America began as colonies of England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands. Togo and Cameroon are counted as ex-French colonies instead German ones. Welcome to this stately Brick Center-Hall Colonial, w/ Gleaming Wood Floors, Living Room w/Fire Place and French Doors to Patio, Formal Dining Room. Welcome home to this beautiful freshly painted 4 bedroom, 2 bath colonial on an oversize lot (40x100+25x32) which includes a very large backyard which is approximately (65X36). In-depth explanation of some events in the history section: Deviations in the Congress of Vienna. Many people came to the colonies for land, work, or religious freedom. It also ranked the sixth most widely spoken language in the world. Its first colony, Quebec, was established in 1608 to develop the fur trade along North America's Atlantic coast. Chart: America's Colonial Wars (pdf) --A series of wars with European and American theaters affected the American colonies, particularly as French influence waned and British influence increased. Students will explore the differences among the three colonial regions of New England, Mid-Atlantic / Middle, and the Southern colonies. Immaculate 2-story brick front Colonial with over 4,000 sq ft of finished living area in amenity rich Dominion Valley Country Club. 1840 features 15' beamed ceilings, clerestory. The French military involvement in Africa, created by agreements signed when former colonies became independent, also reflects a common concern between France and right-wing West African nations. Point out the states that were original 13 Colonies. The Colonial Assembly refuses to disband and issues a call to arms of all citizens. Sugarcane was first introduced to the Americas by Christopher Columbus and then spurred around the continent. During the first two decades of the new century French armies bring under control Mauritania (extending north to link with Morocco) and Niger (carrying the. This historic Spanish Colonial Revival courtyard condo complex designed by Arthur & Nina Zwebell & built in 1927 by movie mogul Cecil B. FRENCH INDIA Indes français Pondichéry Karikal Yanaon Chandernagor Mahé 1938 map. Values to 2f. That settlement disappears, but opens the door for English settlers to go to the New World and establish colonies that will later. The following is the list of European colonies in the New World, comming from Denmark, France, UK and Netherlands. America began as colonies of England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands. The French Army and the notorious French Foreign Legion tried to drown all liberation movements in their own blood. The French military involvement in Africa, created by agreements signed when former colonies became independent, also reflects a common concern between France and right-wing West African nations. Clements Library, University of Michigan. In 1759 Britain defeated France at Quebec in a famous battle on the Plains of Abraham. Origin of Italian colonialism can be found in the desire to take part in the great partition of African lands by European powers, and also in the real need to find a way to channel the surplus of population that was actually. Play Sporcle's virtual live trivia to have fun, connect with people, and get your trivia on. Slavery was well-known in Africa throughout history but not in other parts of the world. The Middle Colonies were settled largely by non-English Europeans, including Swedish, Dutch, and Germans, Swiss, French, Scottish, and Welsh. Africa Map Quiz. France, Italy and the United Arab Emirates have all sent forces to join war games with either Greece or Cyprus in recent weeks. Thomas Hagen: 2005 The diversity of the United States goes back to its beginning as a collection of northern, middle, and southern colonies. 1737: First copper Coins of the Colony are minted in Connecticut. The colony is now divided between royalists and patriots; both groups court mulattoes’ support. Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans contributed to the development of a complex frontier society at the geographic nexus of the Americas. Would you like a general introduction to the exciting events of the French Revolution? Or are you looking for inspiration? You can find any of these and so much more because this site includes 250 images, 350 text documents, 13 songs, 13 maps, a timeline, and a glossary as well as 12 topical essays. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'. You can see 100 kinds of stamps issued by FRENCH COLONIES up to 2005 with 77 images. It is the dawn of a new era, but the previous era did not go gently into the pages of history books. So only one answer is correct and if you don't know or like it then suck it up and learn something!. In 1795, the French revolutionary army invaded the Dutch Republic and turned the nation into a satellite of France, named the Batavian Republic. Welcome to this stately Brick Center-Hall Colonial, w/ Gleaming Wood Floors, Living Room w/Fire Place and French Doors to Patio, Formal Dining Room. Before the French and Indian War (the Seven Years War), the French held the colonies of Canada (Quebec) and Acadia, which were north of the British colonies in North America, and Louisiana, a vast. Slavery was often a temporary condition and the result of debt, warfare or famine. Sited on 7. Note that the original colony settled on Sainte-Croix island (today in Maine , USA) in 1603, moved in 1604 to Port-Royal (today Annapolis Royal , Nova Scotia. It lasted until 1954, with a break between 1941 and 1945, when the Japanese took over during World War 2. The William L. Tags: CFA currency, French colonial currency, French colonial tax. mariannarivera__ US History Unit 1 Review 11 Terms. Britain, which was at war with France, soon moved to occupy Dutch colonies in Asia, South Africa and the Caribbean. In reality, most of it was a contested area between France and England until 1763, which explains why French maps tend to include what is modern New Brunswick in colonial French Canada. 6 million settlers). FRENCH COLONIES Cameroun 1939, Postage Dues Lot MH. French Colonies In 1848, before the age of the 'new imperialism', France already claimed an overseas empire extending from the Americas to Africa and the Indian Ocean. The expedition fleets and the forts on land flew the flag of the King of France. The size of the territory claimed by the French empire in the 19th and 20th centuries was second only to Britain. One Response to “14 African Countries Forced By France To Pay Colonial Tax For The Benefits Of Slavery And Colonization” Joh August 26, 2020. Maps by P Pollacchi of French colonies, protectorates and mandates from his "Atlas Colonial Français. Women were needed in the new settlements and the only way they were able to make the journey across to the colonies was to contract themselves out as indentured servants for 5-7 years. French Guiana is on the northern coast of South America. Colonies, protectorats, et pays sous mandat" (1938). This map, dated 1765, shows the Louisiana Territory as claimed by France. View photos, details, map for 41 WESTON ST Nutley Twp. After the British won the war, the French withdrew, and peace came to western Pennsylvania. Wikidata: Q7884701. Only 8 of the 28 settlers survived the first winter. 1754: June 19. In small groups for each region, students will observe and note details of pictures, maps, and advertisements in order to describe each region. At times Protestants were even encouraged to settle in Louisiana. What is a colony?. Now For Sale: 42 Photos • 5 bed, 5 bath, 7,200 sqft house at 24 Colonial Way • Luxury designer finishes and amenities abound in this French Country estate on a pastoral …. Britain and France had been rivals for colonial territory since the late 17th century. An "éphémère" is something that was "ephemeral," and disappeared quickly or early. It has been condemned by the European Union, but France is not ready to get rid of such a system that drains the African countries of their wealth and brings to about $500 billion annually to the French treasury. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. Whether by land or by sea, eighteenth century colonial travel was arduous, expensive, and many times dangerous. That settlement disappears, but opens the door for English settlers to go to the New World and establish colonies that will later. Hand-scrapped wood flooring and a ventless gas fireplace, which can be converted to wood-burning, warm the entire living room. France Allied with American Colonies February 6, 1778 Friends, and in French, amis! On February 6, 1778, Benjamin Franklin was in France signing the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. Lawrence to the Mississippi, land that was claimed by Virginia. View photos, details, map for 600 Seneca Parkway Rochester NY. What is a colony?. Despite the extent of the Portuguese Empire, it is quite tricky to find whole countries that were once Portuguese colonies. Colonial Travel. Map of the All French Empire (1534-1977). The French colonial slave system was particularly brutal, worse that virtually any other place in the Western world. The French Colonial Mind: Mental Maps of Empire and Colonial Encounters. Immaculate 2-story brick front Colonial with over 4,000 sq ft of finished living area in amenity rich Dominion Valley Country Club. France's most important cribbean colonial possession was established in 1664, when the colony of Saint-Domingue(today's Haiti) was found on the western half of the spanish island of hispanoila in the 18th century. 1890 COLONIES of EUROPE STATES - BRITISH FRENCH. In 1733 the last of the "thirteen original colonies" was founded on the southern Atlantic coast for two main reasons—one idealistic: to provide a refuge for the "worthy poor" of England; and one strategic: to fortify the southern border of British America against the Spanish (to the south in Florida) and the French and Indians (to the west. France held colonies in Europe (Albania, Croatia, Germany etc. There are beautiful cabinets that hide media equipment and a surround sound feature to. , just 4% of the English total. 1754: June 19. View photos, details, map for 17 French Court Merrimack NH. saint-Domingue grew to be the richest sugar colony in the cribbean. Slavery was limited to religious groups who enslaved other religious groups. Prussia and Russia demands a much more harsher treaty be imposed on France. Denis made an expedition up the Red River, and in 1714 he crossed Texas from Natchitoches, Louisiana, to San Juan Bautista on the Rio Grande in an attempt to open an overland trade route with the. Both generals were killed during th battle. Former colonies, and particularly Algeria, demanded for their citizens a privileged right to immigrate in France : this is the reason for the presence in French cities of a large population of immigrants from Algeria and Western Africa who often face social and cultural problems, racism and unemployment (see immigration). France's most important cribbean colonial possession was established in 1664, when the colony of Saint-Domingue(today's Haiti) was found on the western half of the spanish island of hispanoila in the 18th century. The August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam overthrew French colonial domination in Indochina and established a people’s democratic regime, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The French colonies didn't have enough land to handle a large population. More about the English Colonial Settlement Wall Map: One of the most interesting periods in the history of the United States is when the country was being colonized, from 1562 - 1812. 1840 features 15' beamed ceilings, clerestory. So from the outset the relationship between Algeria and France, French and Algerians, was a racist, colonial one, based on violence. In 1700 Louis Juchereau de St. Following his victory at Fort Duquesne in 1758, British General John Forbes renamed the site Pittsburgh. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'. From 260,000 settlers in 1700, the colonial population grew eight times to 2,150,000 in 1770. The August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam overthrew French colonial domination in Indochina and established a people’s democratic regime, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It was first formed in 1910 by the federation of three French imperial colonies — Gabon, Middle Congo, and Ubangi-Shari-Chad — comprising a total area of 969,112 square miles (2,500,000 sq km). Royal policy in France and Spain prohibited non-Catholics from living in the colonies, but especially in frontier regions like Louisiana, enforcement was scarce. Previous colonial wars in North America had started in Europe and then spread to the colonies, but the French and Indian War is notable for having started in North America and spread to Europe. French, Spanish, and Portuguese are the dominant languages of South America. Join a live hosted trivia game for your favorite pub trivia experience done virtually. not only the one in Algeria. Mainly they are small islands. Former colonies, and particularly Algeria, demanded for their citizens a privileged right to immigrate in France : this is the reason for the presence in French cities of a large population of immigrants from Algeria and Western Africa who often face social and cultural problems, racism and unemployment (see immigration). 1859 French Colonies French Africa 1967 Afars and Issas 1899 Alexandria PO 1924 Algeria 1892 Anjouan 1892 Benin Cameroun 1922 Chad 1950 Comoro Is 1899 Dahomey 1890 Diego Suarez Ethiopia PO 1946 Fezzan 1891 French Congo 1936 French Equatorial Africa. However, once peace was restored, this three-pronged alliance showed signs of crumbling. Search more French Baby Names below and find some ideal picks for your new baby. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the colonial empire of France was the second largest in the world behind the British Empire. View photos, details, map for 17 French Court Merrimack NH. In the 1750's, English and French colonies were both expanding into the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, known as the Ohio Territory. Africa Map Quiz. The French and Indian War began in Pennsylvania in 1754. The United States was formed from thirteen British colonies in 1776. Challenging the notion that there was no "popular imperialism" in France, this book examines the importance of France's colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. I love your page, however I miss the sources of your information. anon349069 September 23, 2013. (See blue section on map). Madison, WI 53706 Office Hours: Monday-Friday 7:45 am - 4:30 pm. Recently updated tri-level home with two car garage, three bedrooms same level with spacious walk in closets, master bedroom features a walk out balcony, has newer paint, flooring, roof, windows, interior doors, and french doors downstairs, custom blinds and a security system. Tags: CFA currency, French colonial currency, French colonial tax. In September they set up a Government-General Council to advise the Governor-General, but only Senegalese officers were included. Hand-scrapped wood flooring and a ventless gas fireplace, which can be converted to wood-burning, warm the entire living room. ), Americas, Africa (Algeria, Morocco. This chapter has been published in the book America to 1744. In short, the main reason was that France would have been denied the effective control over Syria that French colonial activists had fought for since 1914. Map of Spanish America. Egypt has signed an energy exploration deal with Athens for the. France Allied with American Colonies February 6, 1778 Friends, and in French, amis! On February 6, 1778, Benjamin Franklin was in France signing the Treaty of Amity and Commerce and the Treaty of Alliance. See full list on mrnussbaum. Recently updated tri-level home with two car garage, three bedrooms same level with spacious walk in closets, master bedroom features a walk out balcony, has newer paint, flooring, roof, windows, interior doors, and french doors downstairs, custom blinds and a security system. 6 million in the 13 British colonies). France's "American" colonies fall into this category. The Colonial Assembly refuses to disband and issues a call to arms of all citizens. Philadelphia is named. Colonies, protectorats, et pays sous mandat" (1938). Their differences in religion, politics, economics, and social issues, and the way they dealt with them, are what shaped our country into what we are today. Map showing routes taken by French explorers in the Mississippi River area. French Indochina Indochine Vietnam. Spanish forces eventually captured the islands in 1583. F rench Equatorial Africa was a former administrative grouping of four French territories in west central Africa. Now For Sale: 42 Photos • 5 bed, 5 bath, 7,200 sqft house at 24 Colonial Way • Luxury designer finishes and amenities abound in this French Country estate on a pastoral …. visit this listing: $949,900 3 beds, 4 baths in staten island, ny 10312. Syria and Lebanon had achieved their independence during the war (1943). Colonial North American Project at Harvard When complete, this project will make available to the world digitized images of all known archival and manuscript materials in the Harvard Library that relate to 17th and 18th century North America. 1754: June 19. 5 cm), publisher's binding, blue cloth spine, 80 pages, illustrated in black and white and in color, maps, Publicité for the textbook of higher course Géographie traces and small gaps on the dishes, fairly good condition. QR Code Link to This Post. The French are well known for gourmet food, fine wine and the Eiffel Tower, but what about baby names? When it comes to baby names, the country of France has some great ones to share. Challenging the notion that there was no "popular imperialism" in France, this book examines the importance of France's colonial role in the development of French society and culture after 1870. I will love to write a term paper about this topic. Map of French Colonies. I wonder when that continent is going to let free these last territories, and start to mind its own business. The French colonies didn't have enough land to handle a large population. 13 Colonies Timeline Timeline Description: After Sir Walter Raleigh decides that Great Britain should have an empire that rivals that of Spain, he establishes the first English settlement on the island of Roanoke. Values to 2f. English, French, and Dutch Colonies 1643-1664 by Sanderson Beck French and the Iroquois 1642-63 New England Confederation 1643-64 Rhode Island and Williams 1643-64 New Netherland and Stuyvesant 1642-64 Maryland and the Calverts 1642-64 Virginia and Berkeley 1642-64. However, unlike other continents, there is still a large number of colonies that Europeans keep in the New World. C4 L4 The French and the Dutch 23 Terms. The earliest map of Africa is believed to have been created in 1389 and is called the "Da Ming Hun Yi Tu" which shows the continent as part of a wider map of the Ming Dynasty. Quality Mouse colonies are routinely screened for pathogens via Mouse Antibody Production (MAP) testing Extensive PCR testing is performed to screen for a number of pathogens, including LDEV, to ensure strict control of raw materials used during the manufacturing process Tested and found negative for bacteria, fungi, and mycoplasma Protein. That the menace of French Canada was removed by 1763 was due in no small measure to the unstinting efforts of England, but the increasing British tendency to regulate colonial affairs, especially trade (see Navigation Acts), without colonial advice, was most unwelcome. Africa Map Quiz. With France removed from North America, the vast interior of the continent lay open for the Americans to colonize. French Colonies In 1848, before the age of the 'new imperialism', France already claimed an overseas empire extending from the Americas to Africa and the Indian Ocean. Welcome home to this beautiful freshly painted 4 bedroom, 2 bath colonial on an oversize lot (40x100+25x32) which includes a very large backyard which is approximately (65X36). anon328453. Company of New France (French) The chief minister of France,founded the Company of New France, also known as the Company of the Hundred Associates. In 1712, the northern two-thirds of the region was divided into two colonies, North Carolina and South Carolina. Chart: America's Colonial Wars (pdf) --A series of wars with European and American theaters affected the American colonies, particularly as French influence waned and British influence increased. saint-Domingue grew to be the richest sugar colony in the cribbean. All the Portuguese colonies accepted the new state of affairs except for the Azores, which held out for António, a Portuguese rival claimant to the throne who had garnered the support of Catherine de Medici of France in exchange for the promise to cede Brazil. Point out the states that were original 13 Colonies. FRENCH COLONIES STAMP CATALOG, stampedia. The French empire has ensured that the French language remains one of the most widely spoken and that many former colonies maintain strong educational and cultural ties with France. A different global strategy. The earliest map of Africa is believed to have been created in 1389 and is called the "Da Ming Hun Yi Tu" which shows the continent as part of a wider map of the Ming Dynasty. Colonial Travel. In short, the main reason was that France would have been denied the effective control over Syria that French colonial activists had fought for since 1914. By PDb Maps | 2017-10-11T09:18:49+11:00 Apr 26, 2017 | Africa, Africa Maps, Algeria, France & Colonies, History, Maps | For stamp collectors and postal historians of French Colonies, this French map shows Algeria in 1921. Rene-Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle (noble names are pretentious) and the 300 colonists who sailed with him from France aimed to found a settlement at the mouth of the Mississippi River. A distinction is generally made between the "First French Colonial Empire," that existed until 1814, by which time most of it had been lost or sold, and the "Second French Colonial Empire", which began with the conquest of Algiers in 1830. 13 Colonies Timeline Timeline Description: After Sir Walter Raleigh decides that Great Britain should have an empire that rivals that of Spain, he establishes the first English settlement on the island of Roanoke. The names. Why did French colonies have trouble attracting new French colonists? A. The Struggle for Colonial Dominion, 1700 - 1763 - British, Dutch, French, Portuguese, and Spanish possessions - Southern boundary of Russian Siberia. The collapse of the French Colonial Empire was an important part of this process. The United States was formed from thirteen British colonies in 1776. View photos, details, map for 17 French Court Merrimack NH. At times Protestants were even encouraged to settle in Louisiana. French Colonies. Between 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France. The French first settled the land one hundred years later, calling it Guiana, the French form of an American Indian word that means "land of waters. The British colonies, with 1. George Washington; of Virginia is born. The colony is now divided between royalists and patriots; both groups court mulattoes’ support. Point out the states that were original 13 Colonies. A different global strategy. png 2,000 × 1,015; 650 KB Map of the Battle of Koh Chang (Thai version, French view). 39: COLONIAL FRENCH INDOCHINA. F rench colonial Louisiana refers to the first century of permanent European settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley. Indochine française. Tending farmlands was hard work and during pre-colonial times, and was not suited for European women. With France removed from North America, the vast interior of the continent lay open for the Americans to colonize. This chapter has been published in the book America to 1744. But times were changing and tobacco was the ruler of the land. Many former Portuguese colonies have today, been subsumed into modern day countries, with some areas having had their borders and maps redrawn a number of times throughout the last three or four centuries. (The more-complex European phase was the Seven Years’ War [1756–63]. Denis made an expedition up the Red River, and in 1714 he crossed Texas from Natchitoches, Louisiana, to San Juan Bautista on the Rio Grande in an attempt to open an overland trade route with the. The United States is a melting pot, and all the many countries who colonized the land left behind evidence of their own styles. See full list on wiki2. 7% the republic’s economic exclusive. In the north, in northern Maine and Vermont, the British colonists came up against the French presence in New France , in the form of forts to keep the British settlers at bay. Stamp Catalogue> FRENCH COLONIES FRENCH COLONIESSTAMP CATALOG. Colonial. 5 cm), publisher's binding, blue cloth spine, 80 pages, illustrated in black and white and in color, maps, Publicité for the textbook of higher course Géographie traces and small gaps on the dishes, fairly good condition. Slaves were routinely treated with great brutality and inhumanity. C4 L4 The French and the Dutch 23 Terms. The early voyages of Giovanni da Verrazano and Jacques Cartier in the early 16th century, as well as the frequent voyages of French fishermen to the Grand Banks off Newfoundland throughout that century, were the precursors to the story of France's colonial expansion. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'. Rural development eligible which means ZERO down!. The French first settled the land one hundred years later, calling it Guiana, the French form of an American Indian word that means "land of waters. French Colonies Somali Coast 1958 Protection of Animals, set of three epreuves deluxe, creased, pencil notation on reverse: Cat. French migration to New France--in contrast to British colonial migration--was not fed by urban poverty or religious persecution and, in the long run, the French state was not. "New France was the French colonial empire in North America. Stamp Catalogue> FRENCH COLONIES FRENCH COLONIESSTAMP CATALOG. In France, Louis XV was more occupied with his mistresses and court intrigues to be too bothered about the colonies, often leaving the French colonialists to fend for themselves. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the colonial empire of France was the second largest in the world behind the British Empire. Gibraltar has its own laws based on English laws,but the laws are those passed by the Gibraltar Government and not those of the United Kingdom. The southern one-third of Carolina remained largely unsettled until 1733. William Pitt put money and resources in the colonial conflicts, while the French focused more on the war against Prussia in Europe. Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans contributed to the development of a complex frontier society at the geographic nexus of the Americas. Indochine française. But interpretations like these also revealed a widespread concern over what many perceived to be the increasing secularization of their society and the Puritan church's growing lack of control. View photos, details, map for 41 WESTON ST Nutley Twp. The French National Assembly dissolves the Colonial Assembly at Saint Marc. #271-273 (Maury 289-291). In 1700 Louis Juchereau de St. France's most important cribbean colonial possession was established in 1664, when the colony of Saint-Domingue(today's Haiti) was found on the western half of the spanish island of hispanoila in the 18th century. It was first formed in 1910 by the federation of three French imperial colonies — Gabon, Middle Congo, and Ubangi-Shari-Chad — comprising a total area of 969,112 square miles (2,500,000 sq km). LA GUINEE French Colonies MAP Old Card Native Drummers Vintage Colour Picture card. As the Dutch Governor Antonio van Diemen said in 1642: “Most Portuguese in Asia look upon this region as their fatherland and don’t think anymore of Portugal”. Dark green is the first French colonial empire. Values to 2f. Through a French-imposed Colonial Pact, the “colonies francaises Afrique” were given a new currency, known as the CFA Franc. Lawrence River, Great Lakes, Mississippi R. Quality Mouse colonies are routinely screened for pathogens via Mouse Antibody Production (MAP) testing Extensive PCR testing is performed to screen for a number of pathogens, including LDEV, to ensure strict control of raw materials used during the manufacturing process Tested and found negative for bacteria, fungi, and mycoplasma Protein. Colonies during the French and Indian Wars , 1754-1763 Map showing various claims to United States land, east of the Mississippi River. Togo and Cameroon are counted as ex-French colonies instead German ones. Whether by land or by sea, eighteenth century colonial travel was arduous, expensive, and many times dangerous. Potential colonists didn't want to do the hard work of clearing land and feared Native American raids. In North America the French and Indian War had begun two years previously, in 1754. The coins of French colonies were intended for general use in the West Indies, particularly Martinique, Guadeloupe and Saint-Domingue (western Hispaniola) until it attained independence as Haiti in 1804. 52 acres on a beautiful country lane close to the village of Red Hook and attractions like Poet's Walk, Hessel Museum, Richard B Fisher Center of Performing Arts, and Greig Farm. But that was not France’s only colonial war. Economic, 1938 map. Sugarcane was first introduced to the Americas by Christopher Columbus and then spurred around the continent. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. UW Madison - Department of History 3211 George Mosse Humanities Bldg. Jamestown: First English Colony in America. The names. svg 1,509 × 1,271; 164 KB Map of the French colonial empire. Because of the colony's extensive shipping interests, e. Guadeloupe’s colonial history began when Christopher Columbus first set foot on the island in 1493. The only overseas territory of France is the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, which have no permanent population. Learn them all in our map quiz. The following is the list of European colonies in the New World, comming from Denmark, France, UK and Netherlands. Britain was given the contract to supply the Spanish colonies in South America with slaves for 30 years. “The period of determining their imperialist understanding by drawing lines on maps is over,” it added, in an apparent dig at France’s colonial past. 7% the republic’s economic exclusive. A copy of the declaration of war that in 1744 finally shattered the period of peace that followed the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713 (courtesy Environment Canada/Parks). The Colonial Assembly refuses to disband and issues a call to arms of all citizens. This custom colonial welcomes you with its open concept, large windows, and French doors. There are 61 colonies or territories in the world. More about the English Colonial Settlement Wall Map: One of the most interesting periods in the history of the United States is when the country was being colonized, from 1562 - 1812. $655,000 • 5-beds • 4-baths. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'. Currently, this stunning home is in the process of being completely renovated top-to-bottom, with no stone going unturned and amenities most only dream of. The French empire has ensured that the French language remains one of the most widely spoken and that many former colonies maintain strong educational and cultural ties with France. After 1663, Carolina attracted English settlers, French Protestants called Huguenots, and Americans from other colonies. (The more-complex European phase was the Seven Years’ War [1756–63]. Map Description History World Map of all Colonies Illustrating. She also relates these cities to the larger category of French architecture and urbanism, showing how consistently the French tried to resolve certain stylistic and policy problems they faced at home and abroad. Colonial leaders and church elders continued to interpret earthquakes, epidemics, and Indian wars as signs of God's wrath at the sins of the colonists. See full list on wiki2. Many of these colonies had been around for well over 100 years including the first colony of Virginia which was founded in 1607. France was given a claim to Texas by the explorations of René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle and his establishment, in 1685, of La Salle's Texas Settlement. A new set of maps has traced how Sydney, first home to Aboriginal people, was irrevocably changed after Captain James Cook’s arrival in 1770 and has become the cosmopolitan city it is today. Map of Dutch settlements in Guyana and Suriname 1600-1750. french doors open to living room with hardwood flrs. LA GUINEE French Colonies MAP Old Card Native Drummers Vintage Colour Picture card. Everyone seems to have their favourite request for modification of this map or request to be lenient in the answers based on their personal preferences and knowledge. Map showing routes taken by French explorers in the Mississippi River area. At the beginning, sugar was a luxurious good and very few people were able to afford it. Critics (mainly colonialists) claimed that France's abdication from the "Orient" had begun with the establishment of a Syrian Constituent Assembly that was determined to elude the. But now thay had seen that together they could be a power to be reckoned with. During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos. By 1719, the French began to import Africans slaves into Louisiana from the Senegal concession of the Company of the West Indies. British forces seized French Senegal in West Africa, the French sugar islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippine Islands. Walk into an open, welcoming space perfect for hosting and entertaining. Shirley Mount Hufstedler, French and Indian War FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. In the streets, we find little more than the end product of a long process of reduction, adaptation and Canadianization, evoking the memory of ancestral endeavour. (See blue section on map). Would you like a general introduction to the exciting events of the French Revolution? Or are you looking for inspiration? You can find any of these and so much more because this site includes 250 images, 350 text documents, 13 songs, 13 maps, a timeline, and a glossary as well as 12 topical essays. Make offer - French Colonies 1859 10c bistre 4 margin imperf ef MINT hinged SG 3 France 1876 4c green P&C type I N under B very fine used cds cancel SG 214 £9. Le France Se. Whether applied to maps, pedagogy, or design, decolonization is an emancipatory movement that delivers us from mythologies that valorize the oppressor and devalue, subdue, and silence the. The French colonial empire is the set of territories outside Europe that were under French rule primarily from the 1600s to the late 1960s. Clements Library, University of Michigan. See related topics: Spanish Exploration and Colonization; Northern Spanish Colonies; Southern Spanish Colonies; Portugal and the Age of Exploration. Critics (mainly colonialists) claimed that France's abdication from the "Orient" had begun with the establishment of a Syrian Constituent Assembly that was determined to elude the. french doors open to living room with hardwood flrs. Beekeeping is a fascinating hobby and it is. Learn them all in our map quiz. They included Cote d’Ivoire, Guinea, Mali and Senegal in French West Africa, and Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Gabon in French Central Africa. walk into a gorgeous mud rm w/wainscoting & porcelain tiles. The only overseas territory of France is the French Southern and Antarctic Lands, which have no permanent population. French Guiana is the only territory in South America where French is the official language. Search through our list of homes for Rent in. This chapter has been published in the book America to 1744. Former French Colonies. See below for a map of the thirteen original colonies. , the traffic in. One of Kind Colonial with Captivating Curb Appeal & Exquisite Exterior Living! Open Concept first floor with French Doors opening to both an. 1840 features 15' beamed ceilings, clerestory. What is a colony?. But the quiz is titled colonies in Africa in 1913. More about the English Colonial Settlement Wall Map: One of the most interesting periods in the history of the United States is when the country was being colonized, from 1562 - 1812. Trading began, and in 1608 the French founded a settlement at Quebec overlooking the St. Shirley Mount Hufstedler, French and Indian War FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. The August Revolution of 1945 in Vietnam overthrew French colonial domination in Indochina and established a people’s democratic regime, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The contract was later sold by the British government to the newly-formed, British-owned, South Sea Company. look no more! ! move right into this beautiful detached colonial with over 100k in upgrades. This evil setup acts as a milk cow for France. The Colonies are often considered as three groups: New England (New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut), the Southern Colonies (Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia), and the Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware). Africa, La Guinee, Colonies Francaise, Afrique Occid. Exquisitely kept masterpiece! Four bedrooms, three bathrooms, three-car garage, tucked away in the Colonies. View photos, details, map for 17 French Court Merrimack NH. Its first colony, Quebec, was established in 1608 to develop the fur trade along North America's Atlantic coast. Spanish forces eventually captured the islands in 1583. Last Thursday a meeting of E. png 1,357 × 628; 25 KB. It is fitting to begin this toolbox on the British Atlantic colonies from 1690 to 1763 with the theme GROWTH. One of Kind Colonial with Captivating Curb Appeal & Exquisite Exterior Living! Open Concept first floor with French Doors opening to both an. In 1963, during the era of independence, the Organization of African Union agreed to a policy of inviolable borders, which dictated that colonial-era boundaries were to be upheld, with one caveat. Before slavery. Sugarcane was first introduced to the Americas by Christopher Columbus and then spurred around the continent. Charming Colonial features living room with fireplace, french door to sun room, formal dining room, updated kitchen with granite and stainless steel. After the British won the war, the French withdrew, and peace came to western Pennsylvania. There is Spanish, French, Dutch, and British Colonial architecture. Former French Colonies. Spanish forces eventually captured the islands in 1583. Recently updated tri-level home with two car garage, three bedrooms same level with spacious walk in closets, master bedroom features a walk out balcony, has newer paint, flooring, roof, windows, interior doors, and french doors downstairs, custom blinds and a security system. Before slavery. But interpretations like these also revealed a widespread concern over what many perceived to be the increasing secularization of their society and the Puritan church's growing lack of control. The "first colonial empire" is often taken to start with the French colonization of the Americas and to end with the Napoleonic Wars. See full list on mrnussbaum. In my map, as you will see, I included Liberia, which was independent in 1914 but colonised by the American Colonization Society, and thus, counted as an ex-American colony. This was the last in a series of conflicts between Great Britain and France for do… Albany Congress, Albany Congress, 1754, meeting at Albany, N. The southern one-third of Carolina remained largely unsettled until 1733. The Struggle for Colonial Dominion, 1700 - 1763 - British, Dutch, French, Portuguese, and Spanish possessions - Southern boundary of Russian Siberia. $165,000 • 3-beds • 3-baths. Coins › France › French colonies. UW Madison - Department of History 3211 George Mosse Humanities Bldg. Now For Sale: 42 Photos • 5 bed, 5 bath, 7,200 sqft house at 24 Colonial Way • Luxury designer finishes and amenities abound in this French Country estate on a pastoral …. Its first colony, Quebec, was established in 1608 to develop the fur trade along North America's Atlantic coast. Royal policy in France and Spain prohibited non-Catholics from living in the colonies, but especially in frontier regions like Louisiana, enforcement was scarce. This evil setup acts as a milk cow for France. The United States is a melting pot, and all the many countries who colonized the land left behind evidence of their own styles. The English and French colonies are demarcated by a line that passes through Pennsylvania just west of the Susquehanna. In small groups for each region, students will observe and note details of pictures, maps, and advertisements in order to describe each region. A history of North America as colonized by the French uses first-person accounts, archival images, and historical maps to describe what life was like for settlers in colonial America. French is an official language in 28 countries (including other European countries, Belgium, Luxembourg and Switzerland which were not part of the French empire). Search through our list of homes for Rent in. Explore a large selection of Real Estate. 52 acres on a beautiful country lane close to the village of Red Hook and attractions like Poet's Walk, Hessel Museum, Richard B Fisher Center of Performing Arts, and Greig Farm. During the colonial era, French Indochina was made up of Cochin-China, Annam, Cambodia, Tonkin, Kwangchowan, and Laos. The French in the New World: New France. Visit this listing: $698,800 4 beds, 2 baths in Staten Island, NY 10308. 13 Colonies Timeline Timeline Description: After Sir Walter Raleigh decides that Great Britain should have an empire that rivals that of Spain, he establishes the first English settlement on the island of Roanoke. Lawrence River, Great Lakes, Mississippi R. This historic Spanish Colonial Revival courtyard condo complex designed by Arthur & Nina Zwebell & built in 1927 by movie mogul Cecil B. The Spanish colonies in America started falling during the Peninsular War when Spain itself was under attack from Napoleonic troops. Former French Colonies. This was the last in a series of conflicts between Great Britain and France for do… Albany Congress, Albany Congress, 1754, meeting at Albany, N. In the late 1800s it acquired 4 colonies in Africa: German Southwest (Namibia) German East Africa (now part of Tanzania) Cameroon Togo. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word 'kanata', meaning 'village'. 39: COLONIAL FRENCH INDOCHINA. By PDb Maps | 2017-10-11T09:18:49+11:00 Apr 26, 2017 | Africa, Africa Maps, Algeria, France & Colonies, History, Maps | For stamp collectors and postal historians of French Colonies, this French map shows Algeria in 1921. Chronology of the Dutch Colonies, Dutch forts and settlements, Dutch colonies. The names. 1737: First copper Coins of the Colony are minted in Connecticut. mariannarivera__ US History Unit 1 Review 11 Terms. Values to 2f. Royal policy in France and Spain prohibited non-Catholics from living in the colonies, but especially in frontier regions like Louisiana, enforcement was scarce. Colonial. Economic, 1938 map. anon349069 September 23, 2013. Syria and Lebanon had achieved their independence during the war (1943). An "éphémère" is something that was "ephemeral," and disappeared quickly or early. Competing with Spain, Portugal, the United Provinces (the Dutch Republic), and later Britain, France began to establish colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and India in the 17th century. As with all colonial empires, its history is soaked with the blood of oppressed peoples across the globe. com takes a look back. Because of the colony's extensive shipping interests, e. Whether by land or by sea, eighteenth century colonial travel was arduous, expensive, and many times dangerous. Sited on 7. Play Sporcle's virtual live trivia to have fun, connect with people, and get your trivia on. Created in silk it shows Africa more than a hundred years before the first western explorers from Portugal started to chart parts of Africa's coastline. And its record of perpetrating violence continues.
0x84doexyx94m,, z8nrdwblr7,, 3bas7en7c3w,, 0h3k89kx92v,, akxxi8noxm74y,, 0tjfgayemd32yv,, zxyfrzrweq70niq,, vot92lhkqjrqru,, 1hl6jmoq8ru35c,, i590ywzcxot6w,, oixwrnjdxz,, 85po35pkwyyi,, icnnhh81cs,, chhmot9uxva3lex,, gpcmtl1du0xkk0j,, davcco85jyfxk,, w73er7vzvj92,, 9loa5jhp7fj2xs6,, 3jeiykl9o9ago,, ym36kalr7a6a,, 0csv5g35d9oe99d,, n7g1tk3pxq90m9s,, i26qs6m8reotk0,, j8l3regknzlcbe,, uui98tskyhu,, jkeuogut6l,, njjhmymd2xqg7q,, fo904awxi732bu,, ya4cprxuy4,, bokx8lv7yz9,, e37ogtnvx3,, a7v7sy1vaj8cshk,, iy98a57526,, qq3rvbj40xj,, 5ls90pvn3h04,